Hugging Face Model Hub with OpenVINO™#

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The Hugging Face (HF) Model Hub is a central repository for pre-trained deep learning models. It allows exploration and provides access to thousands of models for a wide range of tasks, including text classification, question answering, and image classification. Hugging Face provides Python packages that serve as APIs and tools to easily download and fine tune state-of-the-art pretrained models, namely transformers and diffusers packages.

image0

Throughout this notebook we will learn: 1. How to load a HF pipeline using the transformers package and then convert it to OpenVINO. 2. How to load the same pipeline using Optimum Intel package.

Table of contents:#

Converting a Model from the HF Transformers Package#

Hugging Face transformers package provides API for initializing a model and loading a set of pre-trained weights using the model text handle. Discovering a desired model name is straightforward with HF website’s Models page, one can choose a model solving a particular machine learning problem and even sort the models by popularity and novelty.

Installing Requirements#

%pip install -q --extra-index-url https://download.pytorch.org/whl/cpu "transformers>=4.33.0" "torch>=2.1.0"
%pip install -q ipywidgets
%pip install -q "openvino>=2023.1.0"
Note: you may need to restart the kernel to use updated packages.
Note: you may need to restart the kernel to use updated packages.
Note: you may need to restart the kernel to use updated packages.

Imports#

from pathlib import Path

import numpy as np
import torch

from transformers import AutoModelForSequenceClassification
from transformers import AutoTokenizer

Initializing a Model Using the HF Transformers Package#

We will use roberta text sentiment classification model in our example, it is a transformer-based encoder model pretrained in a special way, please refer to the model card to learn more.

Following the instructions on the model page, we use AutoModelForSequenceClassification to initialize the model and perform inference with it. To find more information on HF pipelines and model initialization please refer to HF tutorials.

MODEL = "cardiffnlp/twitter-roberta-base-sentiment-latest"

tokenizer = AutoTokenizer.from_pretrained(MODEL, return_dict=True)

# The torchscript=True flag is used to ensure the model outputs are tuples
# instead of ModelOutput (which causes JIT errors).
model = AutoModelForSequenceClassification.from_pretrained(MODEL, torchscript=True)
/opt/home/k8sworker/ci-ai/cibuilds/ov-notebook/OVNotebookOps-697/.workspace/scm/ov-notebook/.venv/lib/python3.8/site-packages/huggingface_hub/file_download.py:1132: FutureWarning: resume_download is deprecated and will be removed in version 1.0.0. Downloads always resume when possible. If you want to force a new download, use force_download=True.
  warnings.warn(
Some weights of the model checkpoint at cardiffnlp/twitter-roberta-base-sentiment-latest were not used when initializing RobertaForSequenceClassification: ['roberta.pooler.dense.bias', 'roberta.pooler.dense.weight']
- This IS expected if you are initializing RobertaForSequenceClassification from the checkpoint of a model trained on another task or with another architecture (e.g. initializing a BertForSequenceClassification model from a BertForPreTraining model).
- This IS NOT expected if you are initializing RobertaForSequenceClassification from the checkpoint of a model that you expect to be exactly identical (initializing a BertForSequenceClassification model from a BertForSequenceClassification model).

Original Model inference#

Let’s do a classification of a simple prompt below.

text = "HF models run perfectly with OpenVINO!"

encoded_input = tokenizer(text, return_tensors="pt")
output = model(**encoded_input)
scores = output[0][0]
scores = torch.softmax(scores, dim=0).numpy(force=True)


def print_prediction(scores):
    for i, descending_index in enumerate(scores.argsort()[::-1]):
        label = model.config.id2label[descending_index]
        score = np.round(float(scores[descending_index]), 4)
        print(f"{i+1}) {label} {score}")


print_prediction(scores)
1) positive 0.9485
2) neutral 0.0484
3) negative 0.0031

Converting the Model to OpenVINO IR format#

We use the OpenVINO `Model

conversion API <https://docs.openvino.ai/2024/openvino-workflow/model-preparation.html#convert-a-model-with-python-convert-model>`__ to convert the model (this one is implemented in PyTorch) to OpenVINO Intermediate Representation (IR).

Note how we reuse our real encoded_input, passing it to the ov.convert_model function. It will be used for model tracing.

import openvino as ov

save_model_path = Path("./models/model.xml")

if not save_model_path.exists():
    ov_model = ov.convert_model(model, example_input=dict(encoded_input))
    ov.save_model(ov_model, save_model_path)
/opt/home/k8sworker/ci-ai/cibuilds/ov-notebook/OVNotebookOps-697/.workspace/scm/ov-notebook/.venv/lib/python3.8/site-packages/transformers/modeling_utils.py:4481: FutureWarning: _is_quantized_training_enabled is going to be deprecated in transformers 4.39.0. Please use model.hf_quantizer.is_trainable instead
  warnings.warn(

Converted Model Inference#

First, we pick a device to do the model inference

import ipywidgets as widgets

core = ov.Core()

device = widgets.Dropdown(
    options=core.available_devices + ["AUTO"],
    value="AUTO",
    description="Device:",
    disabled=False,
)

device
Dropdown(description='Device:', index=1, options=('CPU', 'AUTO'), value='AUTO')

OpenVINO model IR must be compiled for a specific device prior to the model inference.

compiled_model = core.compile_model(save_model_path, device.value)

# Compiled model call is performed using the same parameters as for the original model
scores_ov = compiled_model(encoded_input.data)[0]

scores_ov = torch.softmax(torch.tensor(scores_ov[0]), dim=0).detach().numpy()

print_prediction(scores_ov)
1) positive 0.9483
2) neutral 0.0485
3) negative 0.0031

Note the prediction of the converted model match exactly the one of the original model.

This is a rather simple example as the pipeline includes just one encoder model. Contemporary state of the art pipelines often consist of several model, feel free to explore other OpenVINO tutorials: 1. Stable Diffusion v2 2. Zero-shot Image Classification with OpenAI CLIP 3. Controllable Music Generation with MusicGen

The workflow for the diffusers package is exactly the same. The first example in the list above relies on the diffusers.

Converting a Model Using the Optimum Intel Package#

Optimum Intel is the interface between the Transformers and Diffusers libraries and the different tools and libraries provided by Intel to accelerate end-to-end pipelines on Intel architectures.

Among other use cases, Optimum Intel provides a simple interface to optimize your Transformers and Diffusers models, convert them to the OpenVINO Intermediate Representation (IR) format and run inference using OpenVINO Runtime.

Install Requirements for Optimum#

%pip install -q "git+https://github.com/huggingface/optimum-intel.git" onnx
huggingface/tokenizers: The current process just got forked, after parallelism has already been used. Disabling parallelism to avoid deadlocks...
To disable this warning, you can either:
    - Avoid using tokenizers before the fork if possible
    - Explicitly set the environment variable TOKENIZERS_PARALLELISM=(true | false)
Note: you may need to restart the kernel to use updated packages.

Import Optimum#

Documentation for Optimum Intel states: >You can now easily perform inference with OpenVINO Runtime on a variety of Intel processors (see the full list of supported devices). For that, just replace the AutoModelForXxx class with the corresponding OVModelForXxx class.

You can find more information in Optimum Intel documentation.

from optimum.intel.openvino import OVModelForSequenceClassification
INFO:nncf:NNCF initialized successfully. Supported frameworks detected: torch, tensorflow, onnx, openvino
huggingface/tokenizers: The current process just got forked, after parallelism has already been used. Disabling parallelism to avoid deadlocks...
To disable this warning, you can either:
    - Avoid using tokenizers before the fork if possible
    - Explicitly set the environment variable TOKENIZERS_PARALLELISM=(true | false)
2024-06-06 00:32:38.966766: I tensorflow/core/util/port.cc:110] oneDNN custom operations are on. You may see slightly different numerical results due to floating-point round-off errors from different computation orders. To turn them off, set the environment variable TF_ENABLE_ONEDNN_OPTS=0.
2024-06-06 00:32:39.002435: I tensorflow/core/platform/cpu_feature_guard.cc:182] This TensorFlow binary is optimized to use available CPU instructions in performance-critical operations.
To enable the following instructions: AVX2 AVX512F AVX512_VNNI FMA, in other operations, rebuild TensorFlow with the appropriate compiler flags.
2024-06-06 00:32:39.621181: W tensorflow/compiler/tf2tensorrt/utils/py_utils.cc:38] TF-TRT Warning: Could not find TensorRT
/opt/home/k8sworker/ci-ai/cibuilds/ov-notebook/OVNotebookOps-697/.workspace/scm/ov-notebook/.venv/lib/python3.8/site-packages/diffusers/utils/outputs.py:63: UserWarning: torch.utils._pytree._register_pytree_node is deprecated. Please use torch.utils._pytree.register_pytree_node instead.
  torch.utils._pytree._register_pytree_node(

Initialize and Convert the Model Automatically using OVModel class#

To load a Transformers model and convert it to the OpenVINO format on the fly, you can set export=True when loading your model. The model can be saved in OpenVINO format using save_pretrained method and specifying a directory for storing the model as an argument. For the next usage, you can avoid the conversion step and load the saved early model from disk using from_pretrained method without export specification. We also specified device parameter for compiling the model on the specific device, if not provided, the default device will be used. The device can be changed later in runtime using model.to(device), please note that it may require some time for model compilation on a newly selected device. In some cases, it can be useful to separate model initialization and compilation, for example, if you want to reshape the model using reshape method, you can postpone compilation, providing the parameter compile=False into from_pretrained method, compilation can be performed manually using compile method or will be performed automatically during first inference run.

model = OVModelForSequenceClassification.from_pretrained(MODEL, export=True, device=device.value)

# The save_pretrained() method saves the model weights to avoid conversion on the next load.
model.save_pretrained("./models/optimum_model")
/opt/home/k8sworker/ci-ai/cibuilds/ov-notebook/OVNotebookOps-697/.workspace/scm/ov-notebook/.venv/lib/python3.8/site-packages/huggingface_hub/file_download.py:1132: FutureWarning: resume_download is deprecated and will be removed in version 1.0.0. Downloads always resume when possible. If you want to force a new download, use force_download=True.
  warnings.warn(
Framework not specified. Using pt to export the model.
Some weights of the model checkpoint at cardiffnlp/twitter-roberta-base-sentiment-latest were not used when initializing RobertaForSequenceClassification: ['roberta.pooler.dense.bias', 'roberta.pooler.dense.weight']
- This IS expected if you are initializing RobertaForSequenceClassification from the checkpoint of a model trained on another task or with another architecture (e.g. initializing a BertForSequenceClassification model from a BertForPreTraining model).
- This IS NOT expected if you are initializing RobertaForSequenceClassification from the checkpoint of a model that you expect to be exactly identical (initializing a BertForSequenceClassification model from a BertForSequenceClassification model).
Using framework PyTorch: 2.3.1+cpu
Overriding 1 configuration item(s)
    - use_cache -> False
WARNING:tensorflow:Please fix your imports. Module tensorflow.python.training.tracking.base has been moved to tensorflow.python.trackable.base. The old module will be deleted in version 2.11.
/opt/home/k8sworker/ci-ai/cibuilds/ov-notebook/OVNotebookOps-697/.workspace/scm/ov-notebook/.venv/lib/python3.8/site-packages/transformers/modeling_utils.py:4481: FutureWarning: _is_quantized_training_enabled is going to be deprecated in transformers 4.39.0. Please use model.hf_quantizer.is_trainable instead
  warnings.warn(
Compiling the model to AUTO ...

Convert model using Optimum CLI interface#

Alternatively, you can use the Optimum CLI interface for converting models (supported starting optimum-intel 1.12 version). General command format:

optimum-cli export openvino --model <model_id_or_path> --task <task> <output_dir>

where task is task to export the model for, if not specified, the task will be auto-inferred based on the model. Available tasks depend on the model, but are among: [‘default’, ‘fill-mask’, ‘text-generation’, ‘text2text-generation’, ‘text-classification’, ‘token-classification’, ‘multiple-choice’, ‘object-detection’, ‘question-answering’, ‘image-classification’, ‘image-segmentation’, ‘masked-im’, ‘semantic-segmentation’, ‘automatic-speech-recognition’, ‘audio-classification’, ‘audio-frame-classification’, ‘automatic-speech-recognition’, ‘audio-xvector’, ‘image-to-text’, ‘stable-diffusion’, ‘zero-shot-object-detection’]. For decoder models, use xxx-with-past to export the model using past key values in the decoder.

You can find a mapping between tasks and model classes in Optimum TaskManager documentation.

Additionally, you can specify weights compression --fp16 for the compression model to FP16 and --int8 for the compression model to INT8. Please note, that for INT8, it is necessary to install nncf.

Full list of supported arguments available via --help

!optimum-cli export openvino --help
huggingface/tokenizers: The current process just got forked, after parallelism has already been used. Disabling parallelism to avoid deadlocks...
To disable this warning, you can either:
    - Avoid using tokenizers before the fork if possible
    - Explicitly set the environment variable TOKENIZERS_PARALLELISM=(true | false)
2024-06-06 00:32:51.454579: W tensorflow/compiler/tf2tensorrt/utils/py_utils.cc:38] TF-TRT Warning: Could not find TensorRT
usage: optimum-cli export openvino [-h] -m MODEL [--task TASK]
                                   [--cache_dir CACHE_DIR]
                                   [--framework {pt,tf}] [--trust-remote-code]
                                   [--pad-token-id PAD_TOKEN_ID] [--fp16]
                                   [--int8]
                                   [--weight-format {fp32,fp16,int8,int4,int4_sym_g128,int4_asym_g128,int4_sym_g64,int4_asym_g64}]
                                   [--ratio RATIO] [--sym]
                                   [--group-size GROUP_SIZE]
                                   [--dataset DATASET] [--all-layers]
                                   [--disable-stateful]
                                   [--disable-convert-tokenizer]
                                   [--convert-tokenizer]
                                   [--library {transformers,diffusers,timm,sentence_transformers}]
                                   output

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit

Required arguments:
  -m MODEL, --model MODEL
                        Model ID on huggingface.co or path on disk to load
                        model from.
  output                Path indicating the directory where to store the
                        generated OV model.

Optional arguments:
  --task TASK           The task to export the model for. If not specified,
                        the task will be auto-inferred based on the model.
                        Available tasks depend on the model, but are among:
                        ['zero-shot-object-detection', 'automatic-speech-
                        recognition', 'semantic-segmentation', 'text2text-
                        generation', 'stable-diffusion', 'audio-
                        classification', 'mask-generation', 'image-to-text',
                        'text-to-audio', 'image-to-image', 'zero-shot-image-
                        classification', 'token-classification', 'feature-
                        extraction', 'image-classification', 'image-
                        segmentation', 'conversational', 'sentence-
                        similarity', 'audio-frame-classification', 'text-
                        generation', 'text-classification', 'fill-mask',
                        'stable-diffusion-xl', 'audio-xvector', 'multiple-
                        choice', 'object-detection', 'masked-im', 'question-
                        answering', 'depth-estimation']. For decoder models,
                        use xxx-with-past to export the model using past key
                        values in the decoder.
  --cache_dir CACHE_DIR
                        Path indicating where to store cache.
  --framework {pt,tf}   The framework to use for the export. If not provided,
                        will attempt to use the local checkpoint's original
                        framework or what is available in the environment.
  --trust-remote-code   Allows to use custom code for the modeling hosted in
                        the model repository. This option should only be set
                        for repositories you trust and in which you have read
                        the code, as it will execute on your local machine
                        arbitrary code present in the model repository.
  --pad-token-id PAD_TOKEN_ID
                        This is needed by some models, for some tasks. If not
                        provided, will attempt to use the tokenizer to guess
                        it.
  --fp16                Compress weights to fp16
  --int8                Compress weights to int8
  --weight-format {fp32,fp16,int8,int4,int4_sym_g128,int4_asym_g128,int4_sym_g64,int4_asym_g64}
                        The weight format of the exporting model, e.g. f32
                        stands for float32 weights, f16 - for float16 weights,
                        i8 - INT8 weights, int4_* - for INT4 compressed
                        weights.
  --ratio RATIO         Compression ratio between primary and backup
                        precision. In the case of INT4, NNCF evaluates layer
                        sensitivity and keeps the most impactful layers in
                        INT8precision (by default 20% in INT8). This helps to
                        achieve better accuracy after weight compression.
  --sym                 Whether to apply symmetric quantization
  --group-size GROUP_SIZE
                        The group size to use for quantization. Recommended
                        value is 128 and -1 uses per-column quantization.
  --dataset DATASET     The dataset used for data-aware compression or
                        quantization with NNCF. You can use the one from the
                        list ['wikitext2','c4','c4-new','ptb','ptb-new'] for
                        LLLMs or
                        ['conceptual_captions','laion/220k-GPT4Vision-
                        captions-from-LIVIS','laion/filtered-wit'] for
                        diffusion models.
  --all-layers          Whether embeddings and last MatMul layers should be
                        compressed to INT4. If not provided an weight
                        compression is applied, they are compressed to INT8.
  --disable-stateful    Disable stateful converted models, stateless models
                        will be generated instead. Stateful models are
                        produced by default when this key is not used. In
                        stateful models all kv-cache inputs and outputs are
                        hidden in the model and are not exposed as model
                        inputs and outputs. If --disable-stateful option is
                        used, it may result in sub-optimal inference
                        performance. Use it when you intentionally want to use
                        a stateless model, for example, to be compatible with
                        existing OpenVINO native inference code that expects
                        kv-cache inputs and outputs in the model.
  --disable-convert-tokenizer
                        Do not add converted tokenizer and detokenizer
                        OpenVINO models.
  --convert-tokenizer   [Deprecated] Add converted tokenizer and detokenizer
                        with OpenVINO Tokenizers.
  --library {transformers,diffusers,timm,sentence_transformers}
                        The library on the model. If not provided, will
                        attempt to infer the local checkpoint's library

The command line export for model from example above with FP16 weights compression:

!optimum-cli export openvino --model $MODEL --task text-classification --fp16 models/optimum_model/fp16
huggingface/tokenizers: The current process just got forked, after parallelism has already been used. Disabling parallelism to avoid deadlocks...
To disable this warning, you can either:
    - Avoid using tokenizers before the fork if possible
    - Explicitly set the environment variable TOKENIZERS_PARALLELISM=(true | false)
2024-06-06 00:32:56.261281: W tensorflow/compiler/tf2tensorrt/utils/py_utils.cc:38] TF-TRT Warning: Could not find TensorRT
INFO:nncf:NNCF initialized successfully. Supported frameworks detected: torch, tensorflow, onnx, openvino
/opt/home/k8sworker/ci-ai/cibuilds/ov-notebook/OVNotebookOps-697/.workspace/scm/ov-notebook/.venv/lib/python3.8/site-packages/diffusers/utils/outputs.py:63: UserWarning: torch.utils._pytree._register_pytree_node is deprecated. Please use torch.utils._pytree.register_pytree_node instead.
  torch.utils._pytree._register_pytree_node(
--fp16 option is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use --weight-format instead.
/opt/home/k8sworker/ci-ai/cibuilds/ov-notebook/OVNotebookOps-697/.workspace/scm/ov-notebook/.venv/lib/python3.8/site-packages/huggingface_hub/file_download.py:1132: FutureWarning: resume_download is deprecated and will be removed in version 1.0.0. Downloads always resume when possible. If you want to force a new download, use force_download=True.
  warnings.warn(
Framework not specified. Using pt to export the model.
Some weights of the model checkpoint at cardiffnlp/twitter-roberta-base-sentiment-latest were not used when initializing RobertaForSequenceClassification: ['roberta.pooler.dense.bias', 'roberta.pooler.dense.weight']
- This IS expected if you are initializing RobertaForSequenceClassification from the checkpoint of a model trained on another task or with another architecture (e.g. initializing a BertForSequenceClassification model from a BertForPreTraining model).
- This IS NOT expected if you are initializing RobertaForSequenceClassification from the checkpoint of a model that you expect to be exactly identical (initializing a BertForSequenceClassification model from a BertForSequenceClassification model).
Using framework PyTorch: 2.3.1+cpu
Overriding 1 configuration item(s)
    - use_cache -> False
/opt/home/k8sworker/ci-ai/cibuilds/ov-notebook/OVNotebookOps-697/.workspace/scm/ov-notebook/.venv/lib/python3.8/site-packages/transformers/modeling_utils.py:4481: FutureWarning: _is_quantized_training_enabled is going to be deprecated in transformers 4.39.0. Please use model.hf_quantizer.is_trainable instead
  warnings.warn(
OpenVINO Tokenizers is not available. To deploy models in production with C++ code, please follow installation instructions: openvinotoolkit/openvino_tokenizers

Tokenizer won't be converted.

After export, model will be available in the specified directory and can be loaded using the same OVModelForXXX class.

model = OVModelForSequenceClassification.from_pretrained("models/optimum_model/fp16", device=device.value)
Compiling the model to AUTO ...

There are some models in the Hugging Face Models Hub, that are already converted and ready to run! You can filter those models out by library name, just type OpenVINO, or follow this link.

The Optimum Model Inference#

Model inference is exactly the same as for the original model!

output = model(**encoded_input)
scores = output[0][0]
scores = torch.softmax(scores, dim=0).numpy(force=True)

print_prediction(scores)
1) positive 0.9483
2) neutral 0.0485
3) negative 0.0031

You can find more examples of using Optimum Intel here: 1. Accelerate Inference of Sparse Transformer Models 2. Grammatical Error Correction with OpenVINO 3. Stable Diffusion v2.1 using Optimum-Intel OpenVINO 4. Image generation with Stable Diffusion XL 5. Instruction following using Databricks Dolly 2.0 6. Create LLM-powered Chatbot using OpenVINO 7. Document Visual Question Answering Using Pix2Struct and OpenVINO 8. Automatic speech recognition using Distil-Whisper and OpenVINO