Single Human Pose Estimation Demo (top-down pipeline)


This demo showcases top-down pipeline for human pose estimation on video or image. The task is to predict bboxes for every person on frame and then to predict a pose for every detected person. The pose may contain up to 17 keypoints: ears, eyes, nose, shoulders, elbows, wrists, hips, knees, and ankles.

How It Works

On startup, the application reads command line parameters and loads detection person model and single human pose estimation model. Upon getting a frame from the OpenCV VideoCapture, the demo executes top-down pipeline for this frame and displays the results.

NOTE: By default, Open Model Zoo demos expect input with BGR channels order. If you trained your model to work with RGB order, you need to manually rearrange the default channels order in the demo application or reconvert your model using the Model Optimizer tool with the --reverse_input_channels argument specified. For more information about the argument, refer to When to Reverse Input Channels section of [Embedding Preprocessing Computation](@ref openvino_docs_MO_DG_Additional_Optimization_Use_Cases).

Preparing to Run

For demo input image or video files, refer to the section Media Files Available for Demos in the Open Model Zoo Demos Overview. The list of models supported by the demo is in <omz_dir>/demos/single_human_pose_estimation_demo/python/models.lst file. This file can be used as a parameter for Model Downloader and Converter to download and, if necessary, convert models to OpenVINO IR format (*.xml + *.bin).

An example of using the Model Downloader:

omz_downloader --list models.lst

An example of using the Model Converter:

omz_converter --list models.lst

Supported Models

  • mobilenet-ssd

  • pedestrian-and-vehicle-detector-adas-0001

  • pedestrian-detection-adas-0002

  • person-detection-retail-0013

  • person-vehicle-bike-detection-crossroad-0078

  • person-vehicle-bike-detection-crossroad-1016

  • ssd300

  • ssd512

  • ssd_mobilenet_v1_coco

  • ssd_mobilenet_v1_fpn_coco

  • ssdlite_mobilenet_v2

  • single-human-pose-estimation-0001

NOTE: Refer to the tables Intel’s Pre-Trained Models Device Support and Public Pre-Trained Models Device Support for the details on models inference support at different devices.


Running the application with the -h option yields the following usage message:

usage: [-h] -m_od MODEL_OD -m_hpe MODEL_HPE
                                            -i INPUT [--loop] [-o OUTPUT]
                                            [-limit OUTPUT_LIMIT] [-d DEVICE]
                                            [--person_label PERSON_LABEL]
                                            [-u UTILIZATION_MONITORS]

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            Show this help message and exit.
  -m_od MODEL_OD, --model_od MODEL_OD
                        Required. Path to model of object detector in .xml format.
  -m_hpe MODEL_HPE, --model_hpe MODEL_HPE
                        Required. Path to model of human pose estimator in .xml format.
  -i INPUT, --input INPUT
                        Required. An input to process. The input must be a single image,
                        a folder of images, video file or camera id.
  --loop                Optional. Enable reading the input in a loop.
  -o OUTPUT, --output OUTPUT
                        Optional. Name of the output file(s) to save. Frames of odd width or height can be truncated. See
  -limit OUTPUT_LIMIT, --output_limit OUTPUT_LIMIT
                        Optional. Number of frames to store in output.
                        If 0 is set, all frames are stored.
  -d DEVICE, --device DEVICE
                        Optional. Specify the target to infer on CPU or GPU.
  --person_label PERSON_LABEL
                        Optional. Label of class person for detector.
  --no_show             Optional. Do not display output.
                        Optional. List of monitors to show initially.

For example, to do inference on a CPU, run the following command:

python3 -d CPU --model_od <path_to_model>/mobilenet-ssd.xml --model_hpe <path_to_model>/single-human-pose-estimation-0001.xml --input <path_to_video>/back-passengers.avi

NOTE: If you provide a single image as an input, the demo processes and renders it quickly, then exits. To continuously visualize inference results on the screen, apply the loop option, which enforces processing a single image in a loop.

You can save processed results to a Motion JPEG AVI file or separate JPEG or PNG files using the -o option:

  • To save processed results in an AVI file, specify the name of the output file with avi extension, for example: -o output.avi.

  • To save processed results as images, specify the template name of the output image file with jpg or png extension, for example: -o output_%03d.jpg. The actual file names are constructed from the template at runtime by replacing regular expression %03d with the frame number, resulting in the following: output_000.jpg, output_001.jpg, and so on. To avoid disk space overrun in case of continuous input stream, like camera, you can limit the amount of data stored in the output file(s) with the limit option. The default value is 1000. To change it, you can apply the -limit N option, where N is the number of frames to store.

NOTE: Windows* systems may not have the Motion JPEG codec installed by default. If this is the case, you can download OpenCV FFMPEG back end using the PowerShell script provided with the OpenVINO ™ install package and located at <INSTALL_DIR>/opencv/ffmpeg-download.ps1. The script should be run with administrative privileges if OpenVINO ™ is installed in a system protected folder (this is a typical case). Alternatively, you can save results as images.

Demo Output

The demo uses OpenCV to display the resulting frame with estimated poses. The demo reports

  • FPS: average rate of video frame processing (frames per second).

  • Latency: average time required to process one frame (from reading the frame to displaying the results). You can use both of these metrics to measure application-level performance.