Install and Configure Intel® Distribution of OpenVINO™ toolkit for Linux*

Note

These steps apply to Ubuntu* and with some modifications shown below, also Red Hat* Enterprise Linux*.

Introduction

By default, the OpenVINO™ Toolkit installation on this page installs the following components:

Component

Description

Model Optimizer

This tool imports, converts, and optimizes models that were trained in popular frameworks to a format usable by Intel tools, especially the Inference Engine. Popular frameworks include Caffe*, TensorFlow*, MXNet*, and ONNX*.

Inference Engine

This is the engine that runs the deep learning model. It includes a set of libraries for an easy inference integration into your applications.

Intel® Media SDK

Offers access to hardware accelerated video codecs and frame processing

OpenCV*

OpenCV* community version compiled for Intel® hardware

Inference Engine Code Samples

A set of simple command-line applications demonstrating how to utilize specific OpenVINO capabilities in an application and how to perform specific tasks, such as loading a model, running inference, querying specific device capabilities, and more.

Demo Applications

A set of command-line applications that serve as robust templates to help you implement multi-stage pipelines and specific deep learning scenarios.

Additional Tools

A set of tools to work with your models including Accuracy Checker utility , Post-Training Optimization Tool , Model Downloader and others

Documentation for Pre-Trained Models

Documentation for the pre-trained models available in the Open Model Zoo repo .

Deep Learning Streamer (DL Streamer)

Streaming analytics framework, based on GStreamer, for constructing graphs of media analytics components. For the DL Streamer documentation, see DL Streamer Samples , API Reference , Elements , Tutorial .

System Requirements

Hardware

Optimized for these processors:

  • 6th to 11th generation Intel® Core™ processors and Intel® Xeon® processors

  • 3rd generation Intel® Xeon® Scalable processor (formerly code named Cooper Lake)

  • Intel® Xeon® Scalable processor (formerly Skylake and Cascade Lake)

  • Intel Atom® processor with support for Intel® Streaming SIMD Extensions 4.1 (Intel® SSE4.1)

  • Intel Pentium® processor N4200/5, N3350/5, or N3450/5 with Intel® HD Graphics

  • Intel® Iris® Xe MAX Graphics

  • Intel® Neural Compute Stick 2

  • Intel® Vision Accelerator Design with Intel® Movidius™ VPUs

Note

Since the OpenVINO™ 2020.4 release, Intel® Movidius™ Neural Compute Stick is not supported.

Processor Notes

  • Processor graphics are not included in all processors. See Product Specifications for information about your processor.

Operating Systems

  • Ubuntu 18.04.x long-term support (LTS), 64-bit

  • Ubuntu 20.04.0 long-term support (LTS), 64-bit

  • CentOS 7.6, 64-bit (for deployment only, not development)

  • For deployment on Red Hat* Enterprise Linux* 8.2, 64-bit, you can use the Intel® Distribution of OpenVINO™ toolkit runtime package that includes the Inference Engine core libraries, nGraph, OpenCV, Python bindings, and CPU and GPU plugins. The package is available as:

Overview

This guide provides step-by-step instructions on how to install the Intel® Distribution of OpenVINO™ toolkit. Links are provided for each type of compatible hardware including downloads, initialization and configuration steps. The following steps will be covered:

  1. Install the Intel® Distribution of OpenVINO™ Toolkit

  2. Install External Software Dependencies

  3. Configure the Environment

  4. Configure the Model Optimizer

  5. Configure Inference on non-CPU Devices (Optional):

  6. Start Using the Toolkit

Step 1: Install the Intel® Distribution of OpenVINO™ Toolkit Core Components

  1. Download the Intel® Distribution of OpenVINO™ toolkit package file from Intel® Distribution of OpenVINO™ toolkit for Linux*. Select the Intel® Distribution of OpenVINO™ toolkit for Linux package from the dropdown menu.

  2. Open a command prompt terminal window. You can use the keyboard shortcut: Ctrl+Alt+T

  3. Change directories to where you downloaded the Intel Distribution of OpenVINO toolkit for Linux* package file.

    If you downloaded the package file to the current user’s Downloads directory:

    cd ~/Downloads/

    By default, the file is saved as l_openvino_toolkit_p_<version>.tgz, e.g., l_openvino_toolkit_p_2021.4.689.tgz.

  4. Unpack the .tgz file:

    tar -xvzf l_openvino_toolkit_p_<version>.tgz

    The files are unpacked to the l_openvino_toolkit_p_<version> directory.

  5. Go to the l_openvino_toolkit_p_<version> directory:

    cd l_openvino_toolkit_p_<version>

    If you have a previous version of the Intel Distribution of OpenVINO toolkit installed, rename or delete these two directories:

    • ~/inference_engine_samples_build

    • ~/openvino_models

  6. Choose your installation option and run the related script as root to use either a graphical user interface (GUI) installation wizard or command line instructions (CLI).

    Screenshots are provided for the GUI, but not for CLI. The following information also applies to CLI and will be helpful to your installation, where you will be presented with the same choices and tasks.

    • Option 1: GUI Installation Wizard:

      sudo ./install_GUI.sh
    • Option 2: Command Line Instructions:

      sudo ./install.sh
    • Option 3: Command Line Silent Instructions:

      sudo sed -i 's/decline/accept/g' silent.cfg
      sudo ./install.sh -s silent.cfg

      In Option 3 you can select which OpenVINO components will be installed by modifying the COMPONENTS parameter in the silent.cfg file. For example, to install only CPU runtime for the Inference Engine, set COMPONENTS=intel-openvino-ie-rt-cpu__x86_64 in silent.cfg. To get a full list of available components for installation, run the ./install.sh --list_components command from the unpacked OpenVINO™ toolkit package.

  7. Follow the instructions on your screen. Watch for informational messages such as the following in case you must complete additional steps:

    _images/openvino-install-linux-01.png

    By default, the Intel® Distribution of OpenVINO™ is installed to the following directory:

    • For root or administrator: /opt/intel/openvino_<version>/

    • For regular users: /home/<USER>/intel/openvino_<version>/

    For simplicity, a symbolic link to the latest installation is also created: /opt/intel/openvino_2021/ or /home/<USER>/intel/openvino_2021/

  8. Optional : You can choose Customize to change the installation directory or the components you want to install.

    Note

    If there is an OpenVINO™ toolkit version previously installed on your system, the installer will use the same destination directory for the next installation. If you want to install a newer version to a different directory, you need to uninstall the previously installed versions.

    Note

    The Intel® Media SDK component is always installed in the /opt/intel/mediasdk directory regardless of the OpenVINO installation path chosen.

  9. The Finish screen indicates that the core components have been installed:

    _images/openvino-install-linux-04.png

    Once you click Finish to close the installation wizard, a new browser window will open with this documentation. It jumps to the section with your next installation steps.

The core components are now installed. Continue to the next section to install additional dependencies.

Step 2: Install External Software Dependencies

Note

If you installed the Intel® Distribution of OpenVINO™ to a non-default directory, replace /opt/intel with the directory in which you installed the software.

These dependencies are required for:

  • Intel-optimized build of OpenCV library

  • Deep Learning Inference Engine

  • Deep Learning Model Optimizer tools

  1. Go to the install_dependencies directory:

    cd /opt/intel/openvino_2021/install_dependencies
  2. Run a script to download and install the external software dependencies:

    sudo -E ./install_openvino_dependencies.sh

    Once the dependencies are installed, continue to the next section to set your environment variables.

Step 3: Configure the Environment

You must update several environment variables before you can compile and run OpenVINO™ applications. Set persistent environment variables as follows, using vi (as below) or your preferred editor:

  1. Open the .bashrc file in /home/<USER> :

    vi ~/.bashrc
  2. Press the i key to switch to insert mode.

  3. Add this line to the end of the file:

    source /opt/intel/openvino_2021/bin/setupvars.sh
  4. Save and close the file: press the Esc key and type :wq.

  5. To verify the change, open a new terminal. You will see [setupvars.sh] OpenVINO environment initialized.

    Optional: If you don’t want to change your shell profile, you can run the following script to temporarily set your environment variables for each terminal instance when working with OpenVINO™:

    source /opt/intel/openvino_2021/bin/setupvars.sh

The environment variables are set. Next, you will configure the Model Optimizer.

Step 4: Configure the Model Optimizer

Note

Since the TensorFlow framework is not officially supported on CentOS*, the Model Optimizer for TensorFlow can’t be configured and run on that operating system.

The Model Optimizer is a Python*-based command line tool for importing trained models from popular deep learning frameworks such as Caffe*, TensorFlow*, Apache MXNet*, ONNX* and Kaldi*.

The Model Optimizer is a key component of the Intel Distribution of OpenVINO toolkit. Performing inference on a model (with the exception of ONNX and nGraph models) requires running the model through the Model Optimizer. When you run a pre-trained model through the Model Optimizer, your output is an Intermediate Representation (IR) of the network. The Intermediate Representation is a pair of files that describe the whole model:

  • .xml : Describes the network topology

  • .bin : Contains the weights and biases binary data

For more information about the Model Optimizer, refer to the Model Optimizer Developer Guide.

  1. Go to the Model Optimizer prerequisites directory:

    cd /opt/intel/openvino_2021/deployment_tools/model_optimizer/install_prerequisites
  2. Run the script to configure the Model Optimizer for Caffe, TensorFlow 2.x, MXNet, Kaldi, and ONNX:

    sudo ./install_prerequisites.sh
  3. Optional: You can choose to configure each framework separately instead. If you see error messages, make sure you installed all dependencies. From the Model Optimizer prerequisites directory, run the scripts for the model frameworks you want support for. You can run more than one script.

Note

You can choose to install Model Optimizer support for only certain frameworks. In the same directory are individual scripts for Caffe, TensorFlow 1.x, TensorFlow 2.x, MXNet, Kaldi, and ONNX (install_prerequisites_caffe.sh, etc.).

The Model Optimizer is configured for one or more frameworks.

You have now completed all required installation, configuration, and build steps in this guide to use your CPU to work with your trained models.

To enable inference on other hardware, see below:

Or proceed to the Start Using the Toolkit section to learn the basic OpenVINO™ toolkit workflow and run code samples and demo applications.

Step 5 (Optional): Configure Inference on non-CPU Devices:

Optional: Steps for Intel® Processor Graphics (GPU)

The steps in this section are required only if you want to enable the toolkit components to use processor graphics (GPU) on your system.

  1. Go to the install_dependencies directory:

    cd /opt/intel/openvino_2021/install_dependencies/
  2. Install the Intel® Graphics Compute Runtime for OpenCL™ driver components required to use the GPU plugin and write custom layers for Intel® Integrated Graphics. The drivers are not included in the package. To install, run this script:

    sudo -E ./install_NEO_OCL_driver.sh

    Note

    To use the Intel® Iris® Xe MAX Graphics, see the Intel® Iris® Xe MAX Graphics with Linux* page for driver installation instructions.

    The script compares the driver version on the system to the current version. If the driver version on the system is higher or equal to the current version, the script does not install a new driver. If the version of the driver is lower than the current version, the script uninstalls the lower version and installs the current version with your permission:

    _images/NEO_check_agreement.png

    Higher hardware versions require a higher driver version, namely 20.35 instead of 19.41. If the script fails to uninstall the driver, uninstall it manually. During the script execution, you may see the following command line output:

    Add OpenCL user to video group

    Ignore this suggestion and continue.

    You can also find the most recent version of the driver, installation procedure and other information on the Intel® software for general purpose GPU capabilities site.

  3. Optional: Install header files to allow compilation of new code. You can find the header files at Khronos OpenCL™ API Headers.

You’ve completed all required configuration steps to perform inference on processor graphics. Proceed to the Start Using the Toolkit section to learn the basic OpenVINO™ toolkit workflow and run code samples and demo applications.

Optional: Steps for Intel® Neural Compute Stick 2

These steps are only required if you want to perform inference on Intel® Movidius™ NCS powered by the Intel® Movidius™ Myriad™ 2 VPU or Intel® Neural Compute Stick 2 powered by the Intel® Movidius™ Myriad™ X VPU. For more details, see the Get Started page for Intel® Neural Compute Stick 2:.

  1. Go to the install_dependencies directory:

    cd /opt/intel/openvino_2021/install_dependencies/
  2. Run the install_NCS_udev_rules.sh script:

    ./install_NCS_udev_rules.sh
  3. You may need to reboot your machine for this to take effect.

You’ve completed all required configuration steps to perform inference on Intel® Neural Compute Stick 2. Proceed to the Start Using the Toolkit section to learn the basic OpenVINO™ toolkit workflow and run code samples and demo applications.

Optional: Steps for Intel® Vision Accelerator Design with Intel® Movidius™ VPUs

To install and configure your Intel® Vision Accelerator Design with Intel® Movidius™ VPUs, see the Intel® Vision Accelerator Design with Intel® Movidius™ VPUs Configuration Guide.

Note

After installing your Intel® Movidius™ VPU, you will return to this guide to complete the Intel® Distribution of OpenVINO™ installation.

After configuration is done, you are ready to run the verification scripts with the HDDL Plugin for your Intel® Vision Accelerator Design with Intel® Movidius™ VPUs:

  1. Go to the Inference Engine demo directory:

    cd /opt/intel/openvino_2021/deployment_tools/demo
  2. Run the Image Classification verification script. If you have access to the Internet through the proxy server only, please make sure that it is configured in your OS environment.

    ./demo_squeezenet_download_convert_run.sh -d HDDL
  3. Run the Inference Pipeline verification script :

    ./demo_security_barrier_camera.sh -d HDDL

You’ve completed all required configuration steps to perform inference on Intel® Vision Accelerator Design with Intel® Movidius™ VPUs. Proceed to the Start Using the Toolkit section to learn the basic OpenVINO™ toolkit workflow and run code samples and demo applications.

Step 6: Start Using the Toolkit

Now you are ready to try out the toolkit. To continue, see the Get Started Guide section to learn the basic OpenVINO™ toolkit workflow and run code samples and demo applications with pre-trained models on different inference devices.

Troubleshooting

PRC developers might encounter pip errors during OpenVINO™ installation. To resolve the issues, try one of the following options:

  • Add the download source using the -i parameter with the Python pip command. For example:

    pip install numpy.py -i https://mirrors.aliyun.com/pypi/simple/

    Use the --trusted-host parameter if the URL above is http instead of https.

  • Modify or create the ~/.pip/pip.conf file to change the default download source with the content below:

    [global]
    index-url = http://mirrors.aliyun.com/pypi/simple/
    [install]
    trusted-host = mirrors.aliyun.com

To uninstall the toolkit, follow the steps on the Uninstalling page.

Additional Resources

To learn more about converting models from specific frameworks, go to: