Benchmark Client (Python)

Introduction

The benchmark client introduced in this directory is written in Python 3. Benchmark client uses TFServing API and KServe API to communicate with model servers. It is recommended to use the benchmark client as a docker container. Prior to transmission, the client downloads metadata from the server, which contains a list of available models, their versions as well as accepted input and output shapes. Then it generates tensors containing random data with shapes matched to the models served by the service. Both the length of the dataset and the workload duration can be specified independently. The synthetic data created is then served in a loop iterating over the dataset until the workload length is satisfied. As the main role of the client is performance measurement all aspects unrelated to throughput and/or latency are ignored. This means the client does not validate the received responses nor does it estimate accuracy as these activities would negatively affect the measured performance metrics on the client side.

In addition to the standard data format, the client also supports stateful models (recognizing dependencies between consecutive inference requests) as well as binary input for selected file formats (PNG and JPEG).

urandom generated input image xrandom generated input image

Furthermore the client supports multiple precisions: FP16, FP32, FP64, INT8, INT16, INT32, INT64, UINT8, UINT16, UINT32, UINT64. Both channel types, insecure and certificate secured, are supported. Secrets/certificates have to be mounted on a separated volume as well as their path has to be specified by command line. The secure connection can be used, for example, to benchmark the Nginx OVMS plugin, which can be build from public source with the built-in Nginx reverse proxy load balancer.

A single docker container can run many parallel clients in separate processes. Measured metrics (especially throughput, latency, and counters) are collected from all client processes and then combined upon which they can be printed in JSON format/syntax for the entire parallel workload. If the docker container is run in the daemon mode the final logs can be shown using the docker logs command. Results can also be exported to a Mongo database. In order to do this the appropriate identification metadata has to be specified in the command line.

Since 2.7 update, these Benchmark Client measurement options were introduced: language models testing with in-built string data input and support for testing MediaPipe graphs in the OVMS. For each of them, there is a need to specify the input data method. Data method -d string creates sample text data.

Benchmarking of OVMS integrated with MediaPipe is possible for KServe API via gRPC protocol. In this case there is also a necessity to feed client with a pre-prepared numpy file consisting of a numpy array.

There is also an option to test dynamic models using shape parameter.

Last two use cases are furthermore described in this document.

Build Benchmark Client Docker Image

To build the docker image and tag it as benchmark_client run:

git clone https://github.com/openvinotoolkit/model_server.git
cd model_server/demos/benchmark/python
docker build . -t benchmark_client

OVMS Deployment

First of all, download a model and create an appropriate directory tree. For example, for resnet50 binary model from Intel’s Open Model Zoo:

mkdir -p workspace/resnet50-binary-0001/1
cd workspace/resnet50-binary-0001/1
wget https://storage.openvinotoolkit.org/repositories/open_model_zoo/2022.1/models_bin/2/resnet50-binary-0001/FP32-INT1/resnet50-binary-0001.xml
wget https://storage.openvinotoolkit.org/repositories/open_model_zoo/2022.1/models_bin/2/resnet50-binary-0001/FP32-INT1/resnet50-binary-0001.bin
cd ../../..

Model directory looks like that:

workspace
└── resnet50-binary-0001
    └── 1
        ├── resnet50-binary-0001.bin
        └── resnet50-binary-0001.xml

Let’s start OVMS before building and running the benchmark client as follows (more deployment options described in docs):

docker run -u $(id -u) -p 9000:9000 -p 8000:8000 -d -v ${PWD}/workspace:/workspace openvino/model_server --model_path \
                     /workspace/resnet50-binary-0001 --model_name resnet50-binary-0001 --port 9000 --rest_port 8000

Selected Commands

To check available options use -h, --help switches:

  docker run benchmark_client --help

Client 2.7
NO_PROXY=localhost no_proxy=localhost python3 /ovms_benchmark_client/main.py --help
usage: main.py [-h] [-i ID] [-c CONCURRENCY] [-a SERVER_ADDRESS]
               [-p GRPC_PORT] [-r REST_PORT] [-l] [-b [BS ...]]
               [-s [SHAPE ...]] [-d [DATA ...]] [-j] [-m MODEL_NAME]
               [-k DATASET_LENGTH] [-v MODEL_VERSION] [-n STEPS_NUMBER]
               [-t DURATION] [-u WARMUP] [-w WINDOW] [-e ERROR_LIMIT]
               [-x ERROR_EXPOSITION] [--max_throughput MAX_THROUGHPUT]
               [--max_value MAX_VALUE] [--min_value MIN_VALUE] [--xrand XRAND]
               [--dump_png] [--step_timeout STEP_TIMEOUT]
               [--metadata_timeout METADATA_TIMEOUT] [-Y DB_ENDPOINT]
               [-y [DB_METADATA ...]] [--print_all] [-ps] [--print_time]
               [--report_warmup] [--certs_dir CERTS_DIR] [-q STATEFUL_LENGTH]
               [--stateful_id STATEFUL_ID] [--stateful_hop STATEFUL_HOP]
               [--sync_interval SYNC_INTERVAL]
               [--quantile_list [QUANTILE_LIST ...]]
               [--hist_factor HIST_FACTOR] [--hist_base HIST_BASE]
               [--internal_version] [--unbuffered] [--api {TFS,KFS,REST}]

This is benchmarking client which uses TFS/KFS API to communicate with
OVMS/TFS/KFS-based-services.

The version can be checked by using --internal_version switch as follows:

  docker run benchmark_client --internal_version

  Client 2.7
  NO_PROXY=localhost no_proxy=localhost python3 /ovms_benchmark_client/main.py --internal_version
  2.7

The client is able to download the metadata of the served models. If you are unsure which models and versions are served and what status they have, you can list this information by specifying the --list_models switch (also a short form -l is available):

docker run --network host benchmark_client -a localhost -r 8000 --list_models

Client 2.7
NO_PROXY=localhost no_proxy=localhost python3 /ovms_benchmark_client/main.py -a localhost -r 8000 --list_models
          XW worker: Finished execution. If you want to run inference remove --list_models.
          XI worker: try to send request to endpoint: http://localhost:8000/v1/config
          XI worker: received status code is 200.
          XI worker: found models and their status:
          XI worker:  model: resnet50-binary-0001, version: 1 - AVAILABLE

Sample benchmarks

Names, model shape, as well as information about data types of both inputs and outputs can also be downloaded for all available models using the same listing switches and adding -m <model-name> and -v <model-version> to the command line. The option -i is used only to add a prefix to the standard output with a name of an application instance. For example:

docker run --network host benchmark_client -a localhost -r 8000 -l -m resnet50-binary-0001 -p 9000 -i id

Client 2.7
NO_PROXY=localhost no_proxy=localhost python3 /ovms_benchmark_client/main.py -a localhost -r 8000 -l -m resnet50-binary-0001 -p 9000 -i id
          XW id: Finished execution. If you want to run inference remove --list_models.
          XI id: try to send request to endpoint: http://localhost:8000/v1/config
          XI id: received status code is 200.
          XI id: found models and their status:
          XI id:  model: resnet50-binary-0001, version: 1 - AVAILABLE
          XI id: request for metadata of model resnet50-binary-0001...
          XI id: Metadata for model resnet50-binary-0001 is downloaded...
          XI id: set version of model resnet50-binary-0001: 1
          XI id: inputs:
          XI id:  0:
          XI id:   name: 0
          XI id:   dtype: DT_FLOAT
          XI id:   tensorShape: {'dim': [{'size': '1'}, {'size': '3'}, {'size': '224'}, {'size': '224'}]}
          XI id: outputs:
          XI id:  1463:
          XI id:   name: 1463
          XI id:   dtype: DT_FLOAT
          XI id:   tensorShape: {'dim': [{'size': '1'}, {'size': '1000'}]}

Be sure the model name specified is identical to the model name shown when using the --list_models parameter. A model version is not required but it can be added when multiple versions are available for a specific model name.

The introduced benchmark client supports generation of requests with multiple and different batch sizes in a single workload. The switches -b, --bs can be used to specify this parameter.

The workload can be generated only if its length is specified by iteration number -n, --steps_number or duration length -t, --duration. To see report also on warmup time window use --report_warmup switch. Example for 8 requests will be generated as follows (remember to add --print_all to show metrics in stdout):

docker run --network host benchmark_client -a localhost -r 8000 -m resnet50-binary-0001 -p 9000 -n 8 --report_warmup --print_all

Client 2.7
NO_PROXY=localhost no_proxy=localhost python3 /ovms_benchmark_client/main.py -a localhost -r 8000 -m resnet50-binary-0001 -p 9000 -n 8 --report_warmup --print_all
          XI worker: request for metadata of model resnet50-binary-0001...
          XI worker: Metadata for model resnet50-binary-0001 is downloaded...
          XI worker: set version of model resnet50-binary-0001: 1
          XI worker: inputs:
          XI worker:  0:
          XI worker:   name: 0
          XI worker:   dtype: DT_FLOAT
          XI worker:   tensorShape: {'dim': [{'size': '1'}, {'size': '3'}, {'size': '224'}, {'size': '224'}]}
          XI worker: outputs:
          XI worker:  1463:
          XI worker:   name: 1463
          XI worker:   dtype: DT_FLOAT
          XI worker:   tensorShape: {'dim': [{'size': '1'}, {'size': '1000'}]}
          XI worker: new random range: 0.0, 255.0
          XI worker: batchsize sequence: [1]
          XI worker: dataset length (0): 1
          XI worker: --> dim: 1
          XI worker: --> dim: 3
          XI worker: --> dim: 224
          XI worker: --> dim: 224
          XI worker: Generated data shape: (1, 3, 224, 224)
          XI worker: start workload...
          XI worker: stop warmup: 9408188.83686497
          XI worker: stop window: inf
          XI worker: Workload started!
          XI worker: Warmup normally stopped: 9408188.848778868
          XI worker: Window normally start: 9408188.848811286
          XI worker: Window stopped: 9408188.893217305
          XI worker: total_duration: 0.0563836432993412
          XI worker: total_batches: 8
          XI worker: total_frames: 8
          XI worker: start_timestamp: 9408188.836864596
          XI worker: stop_timestamp: 9408188.89324824
          XI worker: pass_batches: 8
          XI worker: fail_batches: 0
          XI worker: pass_frames: 8
          XI worker: fail_frames: 0
          XI worker: first_latency: 0.011858431622385979
          XI worker: pass_max_latency: 0.011858431622385979
          XI worker: fail_max_latency: 0.0
          XI worker: brutto_batch_rate: 141.88512007867135
          XI worker: brutto_frame_rate: 141.88512007867135
          XI worker: netto_batch_rate: 142.7839056346449
          XI worker: netto_frame_rate: 142.7839056346449
          XI worker: frame_passrate: 1.0
          XI worker: batch_passrate: 1.0
          XI worker: mean_latency: 0.00700359046459198
          XI worker: mean_latency2: 5.376289226632219e-05
          XI worker: stdev_latency: 0.002170855331568294
          XI worker: cv_latency: 0.309963202809113
          XI worker: pass_mean_latency: 0.00700359046459198
          XI worker: pass_mean_latency2: 5.376289226632219e-05
          XI worker: pass_stdev_latency: 0.002170855331568294
          XI worker: pass_cv_latency: 0.309963202809113
          XI worker: fail_mean_latency: 0.0
          XI worker: fail_mean_latency2: 0.0
          XI worker: fail_stdev_latency: 0.0
          XI worker: fail_cv_latency: 0.0
          XI worker: window_total_duration: 0.044406019151210785
          XI worker: window_total_batches: 8
          XI worker: window_total_frames: 8
          XI worker: window_start_timestamp: 9408188.848811286
          XI worker: window_stop_timestamp: 9408188.893217305
          XI worker: window_pass_batches: 8
          XI worker: window_fail_batches: 0
          XI worker: window_pass_frames: 8
          XI worker: window_fail_frames: 0
          XI worker: window_first_latency: 0.011858431622385979
          XI worker: window_pass_max_latency: 0.011858431622385979
          XI worker: window_fail_max_latency: 0.0
          XI worker: window_brutto_batch_rate: 180.15575710037206
          XI worker: window_brutto_frame_rate: 180.15575710037206
          XI worker: window_netto_batch_rate: 142.7839056346449
          XI worker: window_netto_frame_rate: 142.7839056346449
          XI worker: window_frame_passrate: 1.0
          XI worker: window_batch_passrate: 1.0
          XI worker: window_mean_latency: 0.00700359046459198
          XI worker: window_mean_latency2: 5.376289226632219e-05
          XI worker: window_stdev_latency: 0.002170855331568294
          XI worker: window_cv_latency: 0.309963202809113
          XI worker: window_pass_mean_latency: 0.00700359046459198
          XI worker: window_pass_mean_latency2: 5.376289226632219e-05
          XI worker: window_pass_stdev_latency: 0.002170855331568294
          XI worker: window_pass_cv_latency: 0.309963202809113
          XI worker: window_fail_mean_latency: 0.0
          XI worker: window_fail_mean_latency2: 0.0
          XI worker: window_fail_stdev_latency: 0.0
          XI worker: window_fail_cv_latency: 0.0
          XI worker: window_hist_latency_1: 1
          XI worker: window_hist_latency_0: 7
          XI worker: warmup_total_duration: 0.011916300281882286
          XI worker: warmup_total_batches: 0
          XI worker: warmup_total_frames: 0
          XI worker: warmup_start_timestamp: 9408188.836862568
          XI worker: warmup_stop_timestamp: 9408188.848778868
          XI worker: warmup_pass_batches: 0
          XI worker: warmup_fail_batches: 0
          XI worker: warmup_pass_frames: 0
          XI worker: warmup_fail_frames: 0
          XI worker: warmup_first_latency: inf
          XI worker: warmup_pass_max_latency: 0.0
          XI worker: warmup_fail_max_latency: 0.0
          XI worker: warmup_brutto_batch_rate: 0.0
          XI worker: warmup_brutto_frame_rate: 0.0
          XI worker: warmup_netto_batch_rate: 0.0
          XI worker: warmup_netto_frame_rate: 0.0
          XI worker: warmup_frame_passrate: 0.0
          XI worker: warmup_batch_passrate: 0.0
          XI worker: warmup_mean_latency: 0.0
          XI worker: warmup_mean_latency2: 0.0
          XI worker: warmup_stdev_latency: 0.0
          XI worker: warmup_cv_latency: 0.0
          XI worker: warmup_pass_mean_latency: 0.0
          XI worker: warmup_pass_mean_latency2: 0.0
          XI worker: warmup_pass_stdev_latency: 0.0
          XI worker: warmup_pass_cv_latency: 0.0
          XI worker: warmup_fail_mean_latency: 0.0
          XI worker: warmup_fail_mean_latency2: 0.0
          XI worker: warmup_fail_stdev_latency: 0.0
          XI worker: warmup_fail_cv_latency: 0.0

Dynamic models benchmarking

In order to test dynamic models, -s (shape) parameter needs to be specified. You can use dynamic model, although some static models also can have dynamic shape specified. First download the model to workspace.

mkdir -p workspace/face-detection-retail-0005/1
cd workspace/face-detection-retail-0005/1
wget https://storage.openvinotoolkit.org/repositories/open_model_zoo/2023.0/models_bin/1/face-detection-retail-0005/FP32/face-detection-retail-0005.bin
wget https://storage.openvinotoolkit.org/repositories/open_model_zoo/2023.0/models_bin/1/face-detection-retail-0005/FP32/face-detection-retail-0005.xml
cd ../../..

Next start OVMS having dynamic input shape specified.

docker run -u $(id -u) -p 9000:9000 -p 8000:8000 -d -v ${PWD}/workspace:/workspace openvino/model_server --model_path /workspace/face-detection-retail-0005 --model_name face-detection-retail-0005 --shape "(-1,3,-1,-1)" --port 9000 --rest_port 8000

To generate request with specified shape, it is necessary to set input shape explicitly. It is done by specifying -s or --shape parameter, followed by desired numbers.

docker run --network host benchmark_client -a localhost -r 8000 -m face-detection-retail-0005 -p 9000 -n 8 -s 1 3 300 300 --print_all
Client 2.7
NO_PROXY=localhost no_proxy=localhost python3 /ovms_benchmark_client/main.py -a localhost -r 8000 -m face-detection-retail-0005 -p 9000 -n 8 -s 1 3 300 300 --print_all
          XI worker: request for metadata of model face-detection-retail-0005...
          XI worker: Metadata for model face-detection-retail-0005 is downloaded...
          XI worker: set version of model face-detection-retail-0005: 1
          XI worker: inputs:
          XI worker:  input.1:
          XI worker:   name: input.1
          XI worker:   dtype: DT_FLOAT
          XI worker:   tensorShape: {'dim': [{'size': '-1'}, {'size': '3'}, {'size': '-1'}, {'size': '-1'}]}
          XI worker: outputs:
          XI worker:  527:
          XI worker:   name: 527
          XI worker:   dtype: DT_FLOAT
          XI worker:   tensorShape: {'dim': [{'size': '1'}, {'size': '1'}, {'size': '-1'}, {'size': '7'}]}
          XI worker: new random range: 0.0, 255.0
          XI worker: batchsize sequence: [1]
          XI worker: dataset length (input.1): 1
          XI worker: --> dim: 1
          XI worker: --> dim: 3
          XI worker: --> dim: 300
          XI worker: --> dim: 300
          XI worker: Generated data shape: (1, 3, 300, 300)
          XI worker: start workload...
...

Summarize benchmarking results

Summary of the benchmark results can be viewed with command option -ps.

docker run --network host benchmark_client -a localhost -r 8000 -m face-detection-retail-0005 -p 9000 -s 2 3 300 300 -t 20 -u 2 -w 10 -ps

Sample output log with results summary:

Client 2.7
NO_PROXY=localhost no_proxy=localhost python3 /ovms_benchmark_client/main.py -a localhost -r 8000 -m face-detection-retail-0005 -p 9000 -s 2 3 300 300 -t 20 -u 2 -w 10 -ps
          XI worker: start workload...

### Benchmark Parameters ###
 Model: face-detection-retail-0005
 Input shape: ['2', '3', '300', '300']
 Request concurrency: 1
 Test Duration (s): Total (t): 20.00 | Warmup (u): 2.00 | Window (w): 10.00

### Benchmark Summary ###
 ## General Metrics ##
 Duration(s): Total: 20.01 | Window: 10.01
 Batches: Total: 1781 | Window: 891

 ## Latency Metrics (ms) ##
 Mean: 11.20 | stdev: 0.74 | p50: 12.78 | p90: 15.26 | p95: 15.56

 ## Throughput Metrics (fps) ##
 Frame Rate (FPS): Brutto: 89.01 | Netto: 89.24
 Batch Rate (batches/s): Brutto: 89.01 | Netto: 89.24

MediaPipe benchmarking

Start OVMS container with config.json including mediapipe servable. OVMS should be built with MediaPipe enabled.

cp -r ${PWD}/sample_data ${PWD}/workspace/sample_data
docker run -u $(id -u) -p 9000:9000 -p 8000:8000 -d -v ${PWD}/workspace:/workspace openvino/model_server --port 9000 --rest_port 8000 --config_path /workspace/sample_data/config.json

Requests for benchmarking are prepared basing on array from a numpy file. This data file is fed to Benchmark Client by specifying switch -d <data-file>.npy. Note that we can use numpy data in the same manner also for single models and pipelines if KServe API is set. You can create sample data with Python3, specifying array shape and precision. Generated .npy file should be saved to workspace/sample_data directory for this example.

python -c 'import numpy as np ; \
arr = np.ones((1,3,224,224),dtype=np.float32); \
np.save("workspace/sample_data/resnet50-binary-0001.npy", arr)'

Having MediaPipe graph file and servable specified in config.json, we call it by its name instead of the model name: -m <mediapipe-servable-name>. It is necessary to set --api KFS since the Mediapipe graphs are exposed only via KServe API.

docker run -v ${PWD}/workspace:/workspace --network host benchmark_client -a localhost -r 8000 -m resnet50-binary-0001_mediapipe -p 9000 -n 8 --api KFS -d /workspace/sample_data/resnet50-binary-0001.npy --report_warmup --print_all

Many other client options together with benchmarking examples are presented in an additional PDF document.