Integrate with customer application New Request API

This section provides a high-level description of the process of integrating the Inference Engine into your application. Refer to the Hello Infer Request Classification Sample sources for example of using the Inference Engine in applications.

Using the Inference Engine API in Your Code

The core library implements loading and parsing a model IR, and triggers inference using a specified plugin. The core library has the following API:

C++ IE API wraps the capabilities of core library:

Integration process consists of the following steps:


1) Load plugin

Load plugin by creating an instance of InferenceEngine::InferenceEnginePluginPtr. Wrap it by creating instance of InferenceEngine::InferencePlugin from C++ IE API. Specify the plugin or let Inference Engine to choose it using InferenceEngine::PluginDispatcher.

InferenceEnginePluginPtr engine_ptr = PluginDispatcher(pluginDirs).getSuitablePlugin(TargetDevice::eGPU);
InferencePlugin plugin(engine_ptr);

2) Read Model IR

Create an IR reader by creating an instance of InferenceEngine::CNNNetReader and read a model IR created by Model Optimizer:

CNNNetReader network_reader;

3) Configure input & output

Request input and output information using
InferenceEngine::CNNNetReader::getNetwork(), InferenceEngine::CNNNetwork::getInputsInfo(), and InferenceEngine::CNNNetwork::getOutputsInfo() methods.

auto network = network_reader.getNetwork();
/** Taking information about all topology inputs **/
InferenceEngine::InputsDataMap input_info(network.getInputsInfo());
/** Taking information about all topology outputs **/
InferenceEngine::OutputsDataMap output_info(network.getOutputsInfo());

Optionally, set the number format (precision) and memory layout for inputs and outputs. Refer to the Supported configurations chapter to choose the relevant configuration.

You can also allow input of any size. To do this, mark each input as resizable by setting a desired resize algorithm (e.g. BILINEAR) inside of the appropriate input info.

/** Iterating over all input info**/
for (auto &item : input_info) {
auto input_data = item.second;
/** Iterating over all output info**/
for (auto &item : output_info) {
auto output_data = item.second;

If you skip this step, the default values are set:

4) Load Model

Load the model to the plugin using InferenceEngine::InferencePlugin::LoadNetwork():

auto executable_network = plugin.LoadNetwork(network, {});

It creates an executable network from a network object. The executable network is associated with single hardware device. It is possible to create as many networks as needed and to use them simultaneously (up to the limitation of the hardware resources). Second parameter is a configuration for plugin. It is map of pairs: (parameter name, parameter value). Choose device from Supported devices page for more details about supported configuration parameters.

/** Optional config. E.g. this enables profiling of performance counters. **/
std::map<std::string, std::string> config = {{ PluginConfigParams::KEY_PERF_COUNT, PluginConfigParams::YES }};
auto executable_network = plugin.LoadNetwork(network, config);

## 5) Create an Infer Request

auto infer_request = executable_network.CreateInferRequest();

6) Prepare Input

The following options can be used to prepare input:

/** Iterating over all input blobs **/
for (auto & item : inputInfo) {
auto input_name = item->first;
/** Getting input blob **/
auto input = infer_request.GetBlob(input_name);
/** Fill input tensor with planes. First b channel, then g and r channels **/
auto output = infer_request1->GetBlob(output_name);
infer_request2->SetBlob(input_name, output);
/** inputBlob points to input of a previous network and
cropROI contains coordinates of output bounding box **/
/** roiBlob uses shared memory of inputBlob and describes cropROI
according to its coordinates **/
auto roiBlob = InferenceEngine::make_shared_blob(inputBlob, cropRoi);
infer_request2->SetBlob(input_name, roiBlob);

Make sure that shared input is kept valid during execution of each network. Otherwise, ROI blob may be corrupted if the original input blob (that ROI is cropped from) has already been rewritten.

/** Iterating over all input blobs **/
for (auto & item : inputInfo) {
auto input_data = item->second;
/** Creating input blob **/
// assuming input precision was asked to be U8 in prev step
input = InferenceEngine::make_shared_blob<unsigned char, InferenceEngine::SizeVector>(InferenceEngine::Precision:U8, input_data->getDims());
infer_request->SetBlob(item.first, input);
/** Fill input tensor with planes. First b channel, then g and r channels **/

A blob can be filled before and after SetBlob().

NOTE: SetBlob() method compares precision and layout of an input blob with ones defined on step 3 and throws an exception if they do not match. It also compares a size of the input blob with input size of the read network. But if input was configured as resizable, you can set an input blob of any size (for example, any ROI blob). Input resize will be invoked automatically using resize algorithm configured on step 3.

NOTE: GetBlob() logic is the same for resizable and not-resizable input. Even if it is called with input configured as resizable, a blob allocated by an infer request is returned. Its size is already consistent to input size of a read network. No resize will happen for this blob. If you call GetBlob() after SetBlob(), you will get the blob you set in SetBlob().

7) Infer

Do inference by calling the InferenceEngine::InferRequest::StartAsync and InferenceEngine::InferRequest::Wait methods for asynchronous request:


or by calling the InferenceEngine::InferRequest::Infer method for synchronous request:


StartAsync returns immediately and starts inference without blocking main thread, Infer blocks main thread and returns when inference is completed. Call Wait for waiting result to become available for asynchronous request.

There are 3 ways to use it:

Both requests are thread-safe: can be called from different threads without fearing corruption and failures.

Multiple requests for single ExecutableNetwork are executed sequentially one by one in FIFO order.

While request is ongoing, all its methods except InferenceEngine::InferRequest::Wait would throw an exception.

8) Process Output

Go over the output blobs and process the results. Note that casting Blob to TBlob via std::dynamic_pointer_cast is not recommended way, better to access data via buffer() and as() methods as follows:

for (auto &item : output_info) {
auto output_name = item.first;
auto output = infer_request.GetBlob(output_name);
auto const memLocker = output->cbuffer(); // use const memory locker
// output_buffer is valid as long as the lifetime of memLocker
const float *output_buffer =<const float *>();
/** output_buffer[] - accessing output blob data **/

Building Your Application

For details about building your application, refer to the CMake files for the sample applications. All samples reside in the samples directory in the Inference Engine installation directory.

Running Your Application

Before running compiled binary files, make sure your application can find the Inference Engine libraries. On Linux* operating systems, including Ubuntu* and CentOS*, the LD_LIBRARY_PATH environment variable is usually used to specify directories to be looked for libraries. You can update the LD_LIBRARY_PATH with paths to the directories in the Inference Engine installation directory where the libraries reside.

Add a path the directory containing the core and plugin libraries:

$ export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/opt/intel/computer_vision_sdk_<version>/inference_engine/lib/<linux_version>/intel64:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
$ export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/opt/intel/deep_learning_sdk_<version>/deployment_tools/inference_engine/lib/<linux_version>/intel64:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH

Add paths the directories containing the required third-party libraries:

$ export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/opt/intel/computer_vision_sdk_<version>/inference_engine/external/mklml_lnx/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
$ export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/opt/intel/computer_vision_sdk_<version>/inference_engine/external/cldnn/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/opt/intel/deep_learning_sdk_<version>/deployment_tools/external/mklml_lnx/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/opt/intel/deep_learning_sdk_<version>/deployment_tools/external/cldnn/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH

Alternatively, you can use the following scripts that reside in the Inference Engine directory of the OpenVINO™ toolkit and Intel® Deep Learning Deployment Toolkit installation folders respectively:

To run compiled applications on Microsoft* Windows* OS, make sure that Microsoft* Visual C++ 2015 Redistributable and Intel® C++ Compiler 2017 Redistributable packages are installed and <INSTALL_DIR>/bin/intel64/Release/*.dll files are placed to the application folder or accessible via PATH% environment variable.